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Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has declared her intention to run for president, calling for all of the country’s people to share the fruits of its dramatic reforms.


Addressing the World Economic Forum (WEF) on East Asia in the capital Naypyidaw, the Nobel Peace laureate appealed for the amendment of the military-drafted constitution which prevents her from leading the country.

“I want to run for president and I’m quite frank about it,” the veteran democracy activist told delegates, as she sets her sights on elections due to be held in 2015.

“If I pretended that I didn’t want to be president I wouldn’t be honest,” she added.

The current constitution blocks anyone whose spouses or children are overseas citizens from being appointed by parliament for the top job.

Suu Kyi’s two sons with her late husband Michael Aris are British and the clause is widely believed to be targeted at the Nobel laureate.

Changing certain parts of the text requires the support of more than 75 percent of the members of the fledgling parliament, one quarter of whom are unelected military officials, she noted.

“This constitution is said by experts to be the most difficult constitution in the world to amend. So we must start by amending the requirements for amendments,” Suu Kyi said.

President Thein Sein’s quasi-civilian government has surprised the world since coming to power two years ago with dramatic political and economic changes that have led to the lifting of most Western sanctions.

Hundreds of political prisoners have been freed, democracy champion Suu Kyi has been welcomed into a new parliament and tentative ceasefires have been reached in the country’s multiple ethnic civil wars.

Suu Kyi, who was herself locked up by the former junta for a total of 15 years, remains hugely popular in Myanmar and her National League for Democracy party is widely expected to win the elections if they are free and fair.

The opposition leader called for all of the Myanmar people to be included in the reform process, warning that otherwise the changes could be jeopardised.

“If the people feel that they’re included in this reform process then it will not be reversible — or at least it will not be easily reversible,” she said.

“But if there are too many people who feel excluded then the dangers of a reversal of the situation would be very great,” Suu Kyi added.

Some 900 delegates from more than 50 countries are gathered in the capital Naypyidaw for the three-day WEF on East Asia — a regional edition of the annual gathering of business and political luminaries in the Swiss resort of Davos.

Foreign firms are queuing up to enter the country formerly known as Burma, tantalised by the prospect of a largely untapped market with a potential 60 million new consumers in addition to Myanmar’s pool of cheap labour.

But experts say businesses entering Myanmar face major hurdles, including an opaque legal framework as well as a lack of basic infrastructure and government and private-sector expertise.

“Look at the poverty in the country,” said Martin Sorrell, chief executive of British advertising giant WPP.

“As you land you look at this capital and you see oxen and ploughs. And getting the balance right I think in terms of expectation is critically important because it’s going to build expectations to a level… which I think will be unrealistic,” he said.

The forum is a huge logistical challenge for Myanmar’s government, which is more used to hosting smaller business and diplomatic delegations as well as the occasional influx of Chinese visitors for jade emporiums.

For many of the delegates, it is also their first glimpse of the sprawling capital built in secret by the former military rulers, who surprised the world in 2005 by suddenly shifting the seat of government from Yangon.

Home to luxury hotels, broad roads and even a 20-lane boulevard leading to the new parliament, the city’s lack of nightlife, restaurants and cafes has not gone unnoticed by delegates.

“Traffic conditions is very nice,” one Korean delegate said of the city’s near empty multi-lane highways. “Here no traffic — but nowhere to go.”

Bloomberg, 70, is among America’s richest people.


He frequently finances pet causes and, with his final term at the helm of the biggest US city over next year, he is looking for something into which he can pour his clout and cash.

Known in the Big Apple for presiding over a falling murder rate and numerous health initiatives, including restrictions on super-sized soda sales, Bloomberg has long made the national issue of gun controls a priority.

At every shooting massacre, Bloomberg quickly appears on television, Twitter, or podiums to denounce what he sees as an out-of-control gun culture.

But now, his consistently tough line is in tune with a burst of outrage — and a pledge by President Barack Obama to back a law that would ban assault rifles.

The Newtown killings of 20 children and six staff at an elementary school last Friday were “a tipping point,” Bloomberg said. “What kind of craziness is this?” he asked on CBS television.

On Tuesday, he and mayors of several other large cities, including Chicago’s Rahm Emanuel and Los Angeles’ Antonio Villaraigosa, sent an open letter to Congress and to Obama, demanding changes to restrict weapons access.

He said on NBC that guns, which are linked to 31,000 deaths in the country a year, should be Obama’s “number one agenda.”

Mayors Against Illegal Guns, which Bloomberg co-founded in 2006 and now has more than 725 mayors taking part, is running a petition to ask Washington to “pass gun laws that will keep guns out of the hands of criminals.”

Otherwise, the organization notes, more than 48,000 Americans are on track to be killed in shootings, not counting even greater numbers of gun suicides, between now and the end of Obama’s second term.

Newtown gave impetus to this campaign. Within hours, Bloomberg was on Twitter, saying Obama “rightly sent his condolences to families. But the country needs him to send a bill to Congress.”

“It’s time for the president to stand up and lead,” he said.

Bloomberg’s nemesis is the National Rifle Association, a lobby which fights any restrictions of gun ownership on the grounds that this would violate the US constitutional guarantee of the right for private citizens to bear arms.

Bloomberg said the NRA was not as politically powerful as many believe.

“To show you how powerless they really are, their number one objective in this last election was to defeat Barack Obama for a second term,” he said.

“Last time I checked, he won. And the NRA has created this myth that you can’t fight them.”

At the November Congressional and presidential elections, Bloomberg gave millions from his media fortune to candidates he approved of.

Among them were five candidates — four running for the House and one for the Senate — against NRA-backed opponents. In four of the five cases, his candidates won, he says.

“Next time I certainly will do more,” he said.

Benji Marshall is hoping he can round off his glittering rugby league career with a second World Cup triumph for New Zealand, if given the green light to take part in the tournament in the United Kingdom later this year.


The 28-year-old, who played a starring role in the Kiwis’ stunning win over Australia in the 2008 World Cup final in Brisbane, is set to leave the Wests Tigers at the end of the NRL season to take up a career in rugby union.

Although he’s yet to agree terms with a Super Rugby team, Marshall will walk away from the joint-venture after requesting an early release from his contract following a dispute over an upgraded agreement he’d hoped would net him $1m a season.

However, Marshall said on Thursday the opportunity to play in one last rugby league tournament for the Kiwis would be something he couldn’t to turn down if coach Stephen Kearney came knocking.

But he acknowledged there could be an issue as he’ll be without a rugby league club contract, despite his picture adorning advertising posters for the World Cup in the UK.

“I am not too sure what the situation is regarding that and need to speak to Steve to find out if I am entitled to play or not,” Marshall said.

“I am proud Kiwi and won the last World Cup and would love to do it again.

“I am probably not playing well enough at the moment to get in the team, but if I can find form over the next few games, and the rules permit then hopefully I am allowed to play.”

It’s believed the Rugby League International Federation would rule on the World Cup eligibility of any player without a club deal – something that could also affect fellow Kiwi star Sonny Bill Williams if he has not done a new deal with the Sydney Roosters.

Marshall said he’s no closer to deciding where he rugby union future lies, and has had no further discussions with Auckland Blues coach John Kirwan.

The NSW Waratahs and Melbourne Rebels have also expressed lukewarm interest in the 2005 NRL premiership winner, but Marshall insists he unconcerned about what the future has in store.

“It’s always good to have options, but I have six weeks left here and that is my priority at the moment,” he said.

“I am not too worried about finding a contract because that will happen.

“I spoke to John Kirwan on the phone a few weeks back, but until I make a decision on what I want to do, there is not much to say.”

A major 8.


0 magnitude earthquake jolted the Solomon Islands with small tsunami waves buffeting Pacific coasts, leaving at least five people dead and dozens of homes damaged or destroyed.

A quake-generated wave of just under one metre (three feet) reached parts of the Solomons, and Vanuatu and New Caledonia also reported rising sea levels, before a region-wide tsunami alert was lifted.

This video emerged on YouTube shortly after the quake. It was posted by Jimclines, but SBS News could not verify it.

Sirens were heard in Fiji, locals said. “Chaos in the streets of Suva as everyone tries to avoid the tsunami!!” tweeted Ratu Nemani Tebana from the Fiji capital.

Japan, which was hit by a huge tsunami in March 2011 that killed more than 19,000 people, was also on edge for a time with the national weather agency warning that a minor tsunami could come ashore. Only small waves were detected.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center cancelled its regional alert for Pacific-island nations at 0350 GMT, about two and a half hours after the powerful quake struck at 0112 GMT near the Santa Cruz Islands in the Solomons.

This picture was posted shortly after the quake by @benmcnair, who tweeted “School kids moved to higher ground after SI tsunami warning”.

Australian and US monitors said a tsunami wave measuring 91 centimetres washed into the town of Lata, on the main Santa Cruz island of Ndende.

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said the wave appeared to have travelled 500 metres inland, inundating Lata’s airstrip as well as surrounding villages, flattening many traditional houses.

“We can report five dead and three injured. One of the dead was a male child, three were elderly women and one an elderly man,” Chris Rogers, a nurse at Lata Hospital, told AFP.

Solomons Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo’s office said four villages on the Santa Cruz Islands had been hit by the tsunami.

“Latest reports suggest that between 60 to 70 homes have been damaged by waves crashing into at least four villages on Santa Cruz Islands,” Lilo’s spokesman George Herming told AFP.

“At this stage, authorities are still trying to establish the exact number and extent of damage. Communication to (the) Santa Cruz Islands is difficult due to the remoteness of the islands.”

Solomon Islands Red Cross secretary general Joanne Zoleveke said she had been told at least three villages were hit, with houses washed away.

“In the Solomon Islands when we talk about villages there can be anything from 10 to 30 houses,” she said.

With Lata’s airstrip out of commission, officials were hoping to fly over the area early Thursday to assess the damage better.

The US Geological Survey said the quake struck the Santa Cruz Islands, which have been rocked by a series of strong tremors over the past week, at a depth of 28.7 kilometres (18 miles).

About 20 aftershocks were recorded, including one at 6.6-magnitude.

“Sea level readings indicate a tsunami was generated,” the Hawaii-based Pacific warning centre said after the 8.0 quake, before lifting its tsunami alert for several island nations.

Lata Hospital director of nursing Augustine Bilve said some patients were evacuated to higher ground to prepare for any injured from the villages along the coast.

Settlements did not appear to be seriously damaged in the quake, he said, but added: “We were told that after the shaking, waves came to the villages.”

In 2007 a tsunami following an 8.0-magnitude earthquake killed at least 52 people in the Solomons and left thousands homeless. The quake lifted an entire island and pushed out its shoreline by dozens of metres.

The Solomons are part of the “Ring of Fire”, a zone of tectonic activity around the Pacific that is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

In December 2004, a 9.3-magnitude quake off Indonesia triggered a catastrophic tsunami that killed 226,000 people around the Indian Ocean.

By Kristin Carson

How can anti-smoking campaigns be targeted more effectively at Australia’s Indigenous youth? It’s a good question, and one that, as yet, has proven difficult to answer.


Almost half of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 14 years and older smoke cigarettes, compared with one-fifth of non-Indigenous Australians.

This has contributed to one of the largest gaps in life expectancy throughout the world, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people dying around ten years earlier than non-Indigenous Australians.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are at a significant risk of premature death and smoking-related illnesses such as heart and lung disease, cancers and vascular diseases, among many other conditions.

The dangers of tobacco use, among Indigenous youth in particular, are amplified by the “normalisation” of smoking as part of the usual environment.

In an attempt to eliminate these differences in death and illness, the Council of Australian Government (COAG) in 2008 pledged A$1.6 billion to Closing the Gap on Indigenous Disadvantage initiative, of which anti-smoking programs were an important part.

These programs were built on existing campaigns and included mass media advertising, culturally tailored resources (such as pamphlets, posters, calendars and DVDs), smoking cessation and reduction programs, and training workers to support these programs through health centres and communities.

Break the chain: the Commonwealth government’s latest Indigenous anti-tobacco advertisement

My colleagues and I set out to examine these COAG initiatives and other programs from around the world where culturally tailored tobacco prevention messages were assessed as part of public policy or research.

We wanted to combine all the evidence to assess what did and didn’t work, along with the gaps where evaluations were needed.

But we found no meaningful evaluations of an Australian youth tobacco prevention program. Although the Australian government has conducted some evaluations of Indigenous tobacco prevention programs, they are of poor quality.

Effective evaluations need to include a control population with matching participant characteristics, baseline and follow-up data collection for comparison. Evaluations should look at multiple communities before and after the program is carried out and these results should be published and made available to the general public, which to date has not happened.

Internationally, we found only three published studies: two in American Indian populations (available here and here) one in a New Zealand Māori population. The three studies exposed some potentially dangerous findings, with two studies showing no evidence of any effect following the tobacco prevention program.

One study showed reduced levels of smoking among youth in the control population, meaning the participants who received the tailored tobacco prevention program did worse than the youth who received nothing.

For this study 21% of people in the tobacco prevention program reported trying tobacco use compared to 14% in the control population.

The review is published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

A potential explanation for these results include acts of rebellion, where young people deliberately start smoking or report current smoking simply because they are being asked not to do it.

Another possible explanation of why these studies failed is that tobacco prevention programs should be delivered to youth before they even start considering tobacco use. In the non-Indigenous population this is usually around the age of ten to 12 years.

But we know Indigenous youth start smoking at a much younger age, so the programs are most likely being applied too late.

Also, an incorrect match between the program components such as DVDs, interactive workshops, community events, and the age and gender of the actual youth could also be contributing to the unsuccessful results.

We need a well-conducted evaluation of Australian COAG-led tobacco prevention initiatives for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth.

Although some may say that any initiative without an evaluation of how well it works is better than nothing, we can see from our study that this is not the case. We could be doing more harm than good by continuing to run these programs without conducting good quality evaluations that run alongside them.

Continuing to invest money into ineffective programs means we cannot redirect funds into the initiatives that are most likely to help Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth have the best possible chance of a long and healthy life, through being smoke-free.

Kristin Carson does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.

World leaders expressed shock and horror after a gunman massacred 20 small children and six teachers in the US state of Connecticut, in one of the worst school shootings in history

UN chief Ban Ki-moon wrote to Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy to give his “deepest condolences at the shocking murders,” a statement said.


“The targeting of children is heinous and unthinkable,” he added in condemning the “horrendous” crime.

“I would like to express my shock at the tragic shooting at the school in Connecticut today,” European Union diplomacy chief Catherine Ashton said

The head of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso spoke of his “deep shock and horror” upon hearing of the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School, which he called a “terrible tragedy”.

“Young lives full of hope have been destroyed,” he said in a statement.

Local media said that the shooter, reported to be a young man who picked off his victims with unusual accuracy, began in the kindergarten section where he killed his teacher mother and her class, then moved on.

The child victims were reported to be aged between five and ten.

“I was shocked and deeply saddened to hear about today’s horrific shooting,” British Prime Minister David Cameron said.

“My thoughts are with the injured and those who have lost loved ones. It is heartbreaking to think of those who have had their children robbed from them at such a young age, when they had so much life ahead of them.”

Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II sent a message to President Barack Obama in which she said she was “deeply shocked and saddened” to hear of the shootings.

“The thoughts and prayers of everyone in the United Kingdom and throughout the Commonwealth are with the families and friends of those killed and with all those who have been affected by today’s events.”

French President Francois Hollande also extended his condolences to the victims and their relatives in a message to Obama.

“This news… horrified me and I wish to express my deep shock and consternation,” Hollande said.

The foreign ministry also issued a message in which it offered “France’s full support to the American people and authorities.”

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard said in a statement: “Australia grieves with America today following the mass shooting of primary school children and teachers in Connecticut.

“Like President Obama and his fellow Americans, our hearts too are broken.

“We share America’s shock at this senseless and incomprehensible act of evil.”

A federal Liberal backbencher has accused his own party of vilifying asylum seekers.


Victorian MP Russell Broadbent made the comments after a colleague, Immigration spokesman Scott Morrison, called for behaviour protocols for those released into the community.

Mr Morrison says police should be notified of where asylum-seekers are living in the community, and there should be strict guidelines for the behaviour of those on bridging visas

It comes after a Sri Lankan asylum seeker on a bridging visa was charged following allegations he sexually assaulted a female student at Macquarie University in Sydney.

Mr Broadbent says the rule of law should apply to all people equally, and asylum seekers should not be set apart.

Labor government minister Peter Garrett has told Sky News the Coalition’s harsh attitude towards refugees deserves criticism.

“What Russell Broadbent has done today is to basically expose Scott Morrison for his major dog whistle, which is really deserving of fair dinkum condemnation. And of course Mr Broadbent is a member of the Liberal party. He sits on the backbench, he’s taken an interest in these issues, and I think he’s made it perfectly clear that these views that have been expressed by Mr Morrison are totally unpalatable and unacceptable.”

Opposition Leader Tony Abbott has dismissed the cristicism from Liberal backbencher Russell Broadbent over calls to freeze the community detention program for asylum seekers.

Mr Abbott says any and all measures need to be taken to stop people coming to Australia by boat.

“Look I think it’s very important that we try to ensure that the boats are stopped. The only way to ensure that we don’t have the sorts of issues that Scott was highlighting is to stop the boats.”

Senior Liberal MP Eric Abetz says the plan proposed by Scott Morrison would help build a cohesive society.

“I would have thought that it would be a good idea to say that somebody’s moving next door to you, that might not be able to have all the English language skills you might have normally have expected or they come from a traumatised background,” he said.

Scott Morrison’s comments have triggered a move by the Australian Greens to introduce a motion in the Senate today calling on all political parties to reject the vilification of refugees and asylum seekers.

Sarah Hanson-Young has condemned Mr Morrison’s comments and urged all members of parliament to speak out against him.

“If we don’t stand up in our chambers of parliament to say very clearly that we do not accept the vilification of people based upon their circumstance, their race and what country they come from, then we shouldn’t be here. If we as parliamentarians can not say that vilification is unacceptable, then we don’t deserve to be in parliament.”

Labor Senator Doug Cameron says he’s been unimpressed with Mr Morrison’s comments.

“The dog whistle you have just seen is the worst politics I have witnessed for many years in this parliament,” he said, adding there was no evidence refugees or asylum seekers in Australia were criminals.

Liberal Senator Concetta Fierravanti-Wells says it’s important people respect the rules when they come to Australia.

“They (migrants) expect other people who come here to abide by the rules,” she said.

But Liberal MP Russell Broadbent said there should never be special categories of laws for different categories of people.

“This kind of vilification of asylum seekers is unacceptable in this nation,” he told Fairfax Media.

(Transcript from World News Australia Radio)

A report by the Australian Council of Social Service shows people with disability are more than twice as likely as other Australians to be living in poverty.


The Australian Council of Social Service’s report shows more than 620,000 people with disability live below the poverty line.

That’s equivalent to more than a quarter of people with a disability surviving on less than $600 a week, which is half the median household income.

ACOSS chief executive Cassandra Goldie says the figures are shocking.

“I think it’s really troubling that despite 20 years of strong economic growth and the fact that we have overall relatively low rates of unemployment, we still have such significant levels of people living below the poverty line. We’re one of the wealthiest countries in the world. It’s absolutely shameful that this situation is allowed to continue.”

The National Disability Insurance Scheme, now to be called Disability Care Australia, will commence in four launch sites, in four states on the 1st of July this year.

Ms Goldie says the scheme is a good start, but more action is needed to address the barriers to unemployment faced by people with disability.

“There will be a whole group of people who will not be getting any assistance out of that scheme [NDIS] who are currently on Newstart and not getting the breaks they need. So we, as a country, must ask ourselves is it fair that we are saying to people with a disability ‘You must get out and get a job’, and they desperately want them. But on the other hand we’re not making sure that workplaces are taking people into the workforce and providing the supports that will be needed.”

Gerard Thomas is from the National Welfare Rights Network that provides legal assistance to people receiving Centrelink payments.

He says research conducted by the organisation shows half of the people who have sought a disability support pension have been rejected under harsher rules introduced by the federal government during the past two years.

He says his clients face a number of employment barriers.

“We receive calls from those people, many of who have significant disabilities seeking their way through the employment service system, struggling to live now on 35 dollars a day, and they’re finding that just impossible to make ends meet. The other concern for many people is that if you look at the profile of people on disabilities, it’s changing significiantly. Three out four of people on disability are aged over forty. One in two are aged over 50. So many of those people aren’t just facing disability discrimination, but age discrimination in the workforce as well.”

Mr Thomas says his organisation would like to see the federal government implement its own policy of hiring people with disabilities.

“Federal government, I think it is fair to say, while it’s been active on a number of fronts, has been asleep at the wheel in relation to its own responsibilities to employ of people with disabilities in the Commonwealth service. The number has fallen from 5.2 per cent in 1992 to around 2.9 per cent last year. That is a shocking indictment and we certainly support the call for the establishment of targets for people with disability in the Commonwealth public service. Obviously businesses also have a role to play.”

The President of People with Disability Australia, Craig Wallace, says living in poverty takes a huge toll on mental health and wellbeing.

“The reality of it might be people who might not have been to the cinema for years, people who can’t afford to go to dinner with friends, people who have lost social networks, people whose marriages have broken up because they’ve been in poverty for a very long time – people who are on a very thin thread. I have a friend from Canberra, where I’m from, who had a scooter and if it broke down – and it did – he was stuck. And we spent four hours with that person trying to talk him out of taking his own life. That is the extent of the thread people are on with this issue and with poverty.”

He says a national strategy is required to address the particular challenges people with disability face when it comes to unemployment.

“If we were talking about Indigenous (issues), we’d be talking about a national close the gap strategy with a range of (social) levers. And I think we need to be thinking about that way in terms of disability. I think we need to look at a number of different employment levers, we need to be looking at quotas and goals in employment, we need to be looking at mandatory reporting by companies. We need to be looking at things like tax breaks, additional assistance to get people into jobs. But often it’s not just about landing people in jobs. That’s the last thing you do, at the end of a long series of things, to get people’s lives stabilised.”

Garcia said he “finally felt like I knew what I was doing out there” after firing a three-under 68 that gave the 33-year-old Spaniard a three-over aggregate of 216.


Harrington, though, was unable to arrest his recent form slide as he plunged to a 77 for 225.

Asked by reporters what it felt like to be put on the clock by officials, Garcia replied: “I felt like I was rushing quite a lot. I even played out of position when it wasn’t my turn, probably two or three times, to try to catch up.

“But it’s difficult when it’s this breezy,” he said of winds that were gusting up to 15 mph. “If you’re not hitting the ball well you have to think of so many things.

“With shots from the rough you have to realise where you want to fly it, how much it’s going to roll, take care of whichever bunker is around. It all takes a little bit more time to figure out.

“It’s difficult when you’re on the clock (but) I think we tried as hard as we could, both of us, and we managed to get back on time.”

Harrington beat Garcia in a playoff to win the British Open at Carnoustie in 2007 and there has been talk of friction between the European Ryder Cup pair over the years.

Asked to describe his relationship with the Irishman, world number 15 Garcia replied: “Good, yeah, normal. I think we both respect each other.

“We seemed to be a little bit slow out there today but other than that it was fine,” added the gifted Spaniard who is still searching for his first major victory.

Harrington could find no inspiration on Saturday and went 18 holes without a birdie.

“I didn’t play very well so that wasn’t much fun,” said the triple major winner. “But he played very well and you’ve got to think he was quite unlucky to only shoot three-under.

“I don’t think I’ve made enough birdies in the last six weeks. If I hit it close I miss the putt, if I hit a nice iron shot it doesn’t seem to go close.

“It’s just the nature of the game. When it turns it will seem easy. I won’t look back and I won’t remember this run for sure,” added world number 73 Harrington.

“It will be long forgotten when it does turn around and that’s the nature of the game.”

(Editing by Clare Fallon)

Stop the presses.


Stuart Broad walks and Australia can keep the Ashes alive.

The unthinkable is happening at Old Trafford, although with time against them and quick runs needed, things could have been much better for Australia on day four.

Needing to win the third Test to stay in the series, Australia remained in the hunt by bowling out England for 368 an hour and 20 minutes into the day, to take a 159-run first-innings lead.

Australia made their intentions clear by promoting master-blaster David Warner (12 not out) to open, but partner Chris Rogers was an early victim of the one-day mentality – edging Stuart Broad behind to leave Australia 1-24 at lunch and 183 runs in front.

Usman Khawaja (0 not out) retained his spot at No.3, and it seems a bizarre decision to leave Shane Watson out of the top order, given his strength is bludgeoning boundaries early in the innings.

Time is a major issue for Australia and their best chance at victory seems to be setting England an achievable target in excess of 350 and then getting them back in late in the day.

In an action-packed first hour, England added 74 runs and grafted out nearly 20 valuable overs at the crease, before Peter Siddle (4-63) took two and Nathan Lyon (1-94) one to gobble up the three wickets required.

But the major excitement came when Broad did a backflip of Olympic proportions and walked immediately after edging a ball behind.

At Trent Bridge, Broad smashed Ashton Agar to slip and stood his ground – after the umpire made a howler and didn’t give him out.

At Lord’s he nicked one and went for DRS.

But at Old Trafford, Broad (32) was on his way well before umpire Tony Hill had even raised his finger for Lyon’s first dismissal of the match.

Broad left knowing Australia still had both of their referrals up their sleeve, but still it was an about-face from England’s villainous fast bowler.

“Stuart Broad walks now, make up your mind you’re either a walker or not … it makes it worse if you pick and choose!” tweeted former Australian Test player Tom Moody.

England spinner Graeme Swann also walked after nicking Peter Siddle, to give further hope that good spirit still exists in the DRS-morphed world of Test cricket.

Broad and Matt Prior (30) put on 58 for the eighth wicket and then Prior and No.11 James Anderson (3no) hung around at the death for eight overs to soak up valuable minutes in a match that could come down the wire.

Australia are in control, but time could beat them, especially if rain arrives in Manchester.

Warner was sent out to open to another chorus of boos, but started steadily.

If England can be batting again before stumps it leaves Australia more than three sessions to take the 10 wickets required to keep the series alive heading to the fourth Test in Durham.

Mitchell Starc took 3-76 and Ryan Harris finished with 2-82.

GEOGRAPHY: Libya is bordered by the Mediterranean to the north, Egypt to the east and Tunisia and Algeria to the west.


To the south are Niger, Chad and Sudan. About 93 percent of its land is desert.

AREA: At 1,760,000 square kilometres (710,200 square miles), Libya is Africa’s fourth largest country.

POPULATION: About 6.3 million before the 2011 uprising. However that included some 1.5 million African immigrants, many of whom fled during the fighting.

CAPITAL: Tripoli


RELIGION: Islam 97 percent (almost entirely Sunni), Christianity three percent.

HISTORY: Coastal areas were settled successively by Phoenician traders, Romans and Byzantines before the region became part of successive Islamic empires from the seventh century AD.

In the early 20th century, the country was seized from the Ottomans by Italy, which gave it its modern name and ruled it with considerable violence until World War II, when its deserts saw some epic tank battles.

Libya became independent in 1951 with King Mohammed Idriss al-Senussi as head of state. Idriss was overthrown by Colonel Moamer Kadhafi in a bloodless coup on September 1, 1969.

Through much of the 1980s and 1990s, Libya was considered a pariah state by the West, and its capital was bombed by US aircraft in 1986 in retaliation for alleged support for terrorism.

The country was subjected to UN and US trade embargoes, which were lifted in 2003 and 2004 respectively.

February, 2011 saw the start of an uprising which turned into an armed conflict. On March 19, British, French and US forces launched UN-backed air attacks with NATO taking over on March 31.

On October 20, 2011, the capture and killing of Kadhafi by the rebels effectively sealed the latter’s victory.

The Benghazi-based National Transitional Council was the political motor of the rebellion.

The NTC has been the de facto ruling body since Kadhafi’s fall, although regional militias play a major role.

ECONOMY: Oil was discovered in 1959 and is Libya’s main natural resource, with a pre-revolt output capacity of about 1.6 million barrels per day, accounting for more than 95 percent of exports and 75 percent of the budget. After total paralysis in the uprising, oil activity has progressively resumed.

Oil reserves are estimated at 44 billion barrels; Libya also has substantial amounts of natural gas.

GDP: $80.9 billion in 2010; estimated to have fallen to 37.4 billion dollars in 2011.

GDP per capita: 12,300 dollars in 2010; estimated at 5,800 in 2011. (Source: World Bank).

CURRENCY: Libyan dinar

DEFENCE: The armed forces are being refashioned. During Kadhafi’s regime it boasted 76,000 men, including 50,000 in the army, in addition to 40,000 volunteers in the popular guards, according to an International Institute for Strategic Studies issued in 2010.

Since Kadhafi’s fall, the authorities have struggled to build a new army, while militias of former rebels have tapped into the vast arsenal of the old regime and continue to take the law and security into their own hands.

The dollar has firmed slightly against the euro in a cautious market ahead of central bank meetings this week on both sides of the Atlantic.


The euro on Monday bought $1.3264 (at around 0700 AEST on Tuesday) down from $1.3278 at the same time on Friday.

But the dollar weakened against the Japanese currency on Monday, fetching 97.89 yen compared with 98.20 yen Friday.

The yen also gained ground against the euro, which bought 129.85 yen, down from 130.48 yen.

The dollar was showing some renewed vigour after a sharp fall against the euro Friday.

Markets were focused on the opening Tuesday of a two-day US Federal Reserve meeting, to be followed by Thursday meetings of the European Central Bank and the Bank of England.

None of the banks is expected to change ultra-low interest rates that are supporting economies struggling to grow.

The Fed’s Federal Open Market Committee was virtually certain to leave policy direction in place. But the post-meeting FOMC statement will be scrutinised for signs of when, and how, the US central bank intends to wind down its massive stimulus program.

“A fuzzy outlook for Fed taper plans has caused investors to pare back on bullish bets on the greenback,” said Joe Manimbo at Western Union Business Solutions.

“But so long as investors see a reasonable case for a September Fed taper and this week’s US data are generally consistent with an improving economy, the greenback’s downside may prove relatively modest.”

Also on tap this week in the world’s biggest economy is the first estimate of second-quarter gross domestic product growth, on Wednesday, and Friday’s jobs report for July.

“The influential nature of this week’s events has the potential to shape currency market sentiment for weeks to come,” Manimbo said.

Boris Schlossberg of BK Asset Management said that mild risk aversion and failed technical breakouts helped the dollar to find support in afternoon trade.

The dollar firmed against the Swiss currency, buying 0.9306 franc, up from 0.9284 franc on Friday.

The pound, however, edged higher to $1.5344, compared with $1.5377.

Famously only five-foot (152 centimetres) tall, Mukherjee entered parliament in 1969 and looks set to end his long career in the turbulent world of Indian politics with a stint in the largely ceremonial role of president.


Known as a workaholic, a trouble-shooter and a shrewd tactician, he has been a leading figure within the ruling Congress party since the early 1980s when the country was governed according to socialist ideals.

He stood down as finance minister last month to run for president after serving in the post for three years during which India’s increasingly market-driven economy has faltered, with growth falling sharply.

“The life of a finance minister is not easy,” he told parliament when delivering his final budget in March. “When things go wrong, it is the finance minister who is called upon to administer the medicine.

“As Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, said in Shakespeare’s immortal words, ‘I must be cruel only to be kind.'”

But the supposedly tough budget was quickly dismissed as ineffectual, and he leaves the finance ministry after the economy grew by just 5.3 percent between January and March — its slowest quarterly expansion in nine years.

With the rupee also at record lows against the dollar, Mukherjee heads to the presidency with his reputation in poor shape compared to when he steered India through the 2009 global financial downturn.

Nevertheless he has retained the respect of a wide spectrum of Indian politicians and is seen as an ardent proponent of “inclusive growth” that would ensure that India’s poor share in the country’s development.

“The aim is to create an enabling atmosphere for corporates, farmers, entrepreneurs and workers to take initiatives for robust growth,” he concluded in his March budget.

“The aim is also to ensure that the benefits of growth reach all sections of population.”

Born on December 11, 1935 in the small village of Mirati in West Bengal, Mukherjee’s father was a “freedom fighter” for India’s independence movement who spent more than 10 years in British jails.

Mukherjee, who speaks with a heavy Bengali accent that his colleagues call “Pranabese”, began as a college teacher and later worked for the Bengali publication Desher Dak (“Call of the Motherland”) before entering politics.

He followed in his father’s footsteps in joining the Congress party and was elected to the upper house in 1969 before moving to the lower house in 2004.

Once tipped as a future prime minister, his moment never arrived and a new generation of Congress leaders is being touted to take over when Premier Manmohan Singh, 79, stands down, most likely at the 2014 general elections.

Asked if he would serve in a Congress cabinet in the next parliament, Mukherjee has said: “There is a limit beyond which you cannot go. How long do you expect me to stay? Rather, I have overstayed my wicket.”

But Mukherjee, who has been on the board of governors of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and Asian Development Bank, may take a more active approach to presidential duties than his predecessor.

Mukherjee, who sometimes stands on a box when giving speeches so he can see over the podium, lists his hobbies as gardening, reading and listening to music, and now he may also find more time for his wife, two sons and daughter.

His son Abhijit has followed in his father’s footsteps, last year winning a seat in the West Bengal assembly as a Congress party candidate.